The modern spelling of "Tashkent" reflects Russian orthography and 20th-century Soviet influence.The city was destroyed by Genghis Khan in 1219 and lost much of its population as a result of the Mongols' destruction of the Khwarezmid Empire in 1220.
Tashkent was a center of espionage in the Great Game rivalry between Russia and the United Kingdom over Central Asia.
The Turkestan Military District was established as part of the military reforms of 1874.
During its long history, Tashkent has had various changes in names and political and religious affiliations.
Tashkent was settled by ancient people as an oasis on the Chirchik River, near the foothills of the West Tian Shan Mountains.
The Tashkent clergy also favored the clergy of Bukhara over that of Kokand.